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Heterosexual Male Circumcision and Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Since long has been debated the importance and elective nature of circumcision. While the
medical community may not universally approve of this method of infant male circumcision, it
has a number of advantages to boast about. Circumcision is not only safer than sucking on your
thumb, it is more comfortable and allows for more thorough cleaning. The risks of the surgery
are small compared to the possible complications. However, it is important to consult a physician
if you have any concerns.


If you look at the benefits of male circumcision and female circumcision, it is easy to think that all
you need is a bandage and some stitches. Most cases do not require more than that to be
completed. It is important to remember that in rare cases, a scar may cause erectile dysfunction
or impair sexual sensation. These are usually minor cases and are treated accordingly.
Anesthetics can be used to manage any complications. Rarely, however, the wound must be
sewn up.


Male circumcision has many benefits. It can reduce the chance of contracting the sexually
transmitted disease Chlamydia or genital warts. Both of these diseases can be passed through
intercourse. If left untreated, they can lead to serious medical problems. In addition, a noncircumcised penis can increase the risk of contracting HIV and other life-threatening diseases.
HIV can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), which can be fatal.


According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), routine circumcision has many
advantages. For example, babies are circumcised in a way that leaves the wound unopened,
allowing it to heal without infection. Also, most adult men will undergo a routine circumcision
shortly after being circumcised in order to prevent persistent infections in the genital area.
Moreover, routine circumcision is less painful than elective surgery.

The length of a typical recovery period depends on the type of procedure performed. For
example, in unretroverted (gloved), retractable, or “dry” methods of circumcision, the recovery
period is generally one to two weeks. Boys can expect to resume their normal activities around
six months old. Some small scars can remain after the wound has been closed and the skin is
being replanted. These should subsequently be covered with a bandage.


Studies have been done in sub-Saharan Africa to determine if male circumcision reduces HIV
infection risk among men. Studies have shown that, in the absence of circumcised males, the
incidence of female genital infections is higher in the female sex compared to that in the male
sex. Researchers found that the rate for the infection to be transmitted to female partners in
female sex was four times greater than in male sex. If current trends continue, HIV prevalence in
sub-Saharan Africa will soon surpass that of Asia, which is the most populous area for HIV
infection.


Since many cases of HIV infection have been associated with a lack of access to quality health
care, and as the prevalence of AIDS continues to increase in many parts of the world, voluntary
medical male circumcision may become a lifeline for people who have contracted HIV. The
disease is incurable and there are no treatments. Therefore, having the procedure could
potentially provide a new lease on life for those who have contracted HIV, providing a second
chance at a healthy life.


The debate about male genital HPV has heated up in recent years. Some argue that vaccines
have been effective in preventing HPV from spreading. However, it is unknown if vaccines can
actually prevent HPV infection. For this reason, and because there are no cures available for
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), having the procedure could be beneficial to individuals
who are living with HIV/AIDS. The procedure to remove the outer layer of skin is not associated
with any serious side effects. This decreases the chance of developing cancer